Труды Института механики им. Р.Р. Мавлютова
Электронный научный журнал | Electronic Scientific Journal
Proceedings of the Mavlyutov Institute of Mechanics
Consider the string, which vibrates in a medium with the variable elasticity coefficient q(x). Interesting to follow the inverse problem: is it possible to determine the variable elasticity coefficient q(x) by the natural frequencies of string vibrations. In 1946, G. Borg has been shown that a spectrum of frequencies is not sufficient to uniquely identify the medium elasticity coefficient q(x). He offered the use of two frequency spectrum to uniquely identify of the medium elasticity coefficient q(x). The second frequency spectrum is obtained by fastening the string to change at one of its ends to the other fastening. It was shown that these two frequency spectra already sufficient to uniquely identify q(x) and the boundary conditions of both problems.
The case where the string fastening at one end depends on the other end fastening, is more difficult to solve. The boundary conditions, appropriate for the occasion, called nonseparated. Two spectra (of two boundary value problems) to restore both q(x), and the nonseparated boundary conditions are not enough. In modern studies the spectra of the two eigenvalues boundary problems and an infinite sequence of signs is generally used for an uniqueness recovery. While this approach is useful in theoretical mathematics, it is inconvenient for the mechanics, because not clear the physical meaning of the corresponding sequence of signs.
In this article, instead of the two spectra and the sequence of signs as the spectral data are offered to use 7 of the eigenvalues of the initial boundary value problem, the spectrum, and the so-called norming constants of other boundary value problem. The physical sense of these data is quite clear. The first 7 eigenvalues of an initial boundary problem mean the first 7 natural frequencies of string vibrations. Norming constants represent norms from eigenfunctions. The spectrum and norming constants express a so-called spectral function. The spectral function gives a frequency spectrum with columns of vibrations amplitudes characteristics for string vibrations with other types of fastening.
nonself-adjoint Sturm-Liouville problem,
nonseparated boundary condition