ISSN 2658–5782
DOI 10.21662
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им. Р.Р. Мавлютова

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Shagapov V.Sh., Galiakbarova E.V., Khakimova Z.R. To the theory of determining the location of hydrate deposits in gas pipelines by acoustic sounding. Multiphase Systems. 14 (2019) 3. 157–164 (in Russian).
2019. Vol. 14. Issue 3, Pp. 157–164
DOI: 10.21662/mfs2019.3.022
To the theory of determining the location of hydrate deposits in gas pipelines by acoustic sounding
Shagapov V.Sh., Galiakbarova E.V.∗∗, Khakimova Z.R.∗∗
Mavlutov Institute of Mechanics, UFRC RAS, Ufa
∗∗Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, Ufa


Evolution of pressure perturbations propagating in pipeline filled with gas-and-drop medium representing “wet” methane at temperature below dew point and having damaged section, in form of extended narrowing of channel due to hydrate plug, is investigated. Hydrate formation is due to the presence of water (or its vapours) and gas, the components of which dissolve in water under certain conditions form a solid phase. Hydrate deposits help to reduce the cross-country capacity of gas pipelines and therefore their detection is a pressing task. It is proposed to solve the problem using acoustic methods. For this purpose mathematical model of propagation of acoustic waves in long-wave range in gas-and-droplet medium is considered. The horizontal pipeline appears semi-pointed, the solution is sought in the form of a harmonic wave. Wave is one-dimensional, having small amplitude of oscillations. Based on dispersion equations, dependence of phase velocity and attenuation coefficient on frequency of acoustic wave disturbance and on volume content of suspended phase (water droplets) are built. In the high frequency region, the attenuation coefficient increases with the volume content. The formulas for reflection and passage coefficients are derived taking into account pipeline narrowing due to hydrate deposits. The results of numerical calculations illustrating the dynamics of pulse signals depending on the thickness of the gas hydrate on the inner wall of the pipeline are presented. Calculations are based on forward and backward Fourier transformations and the use of software. It is established that the greater the hydrate deposit on the wall in thickness, the greater the amplitude of the returned reflected signal.


gas-and-drop mixture,
hydrate deposit,
pressure impulses

Article outline

Problem: Analytical and    numerical research of distribution of acoustic signals in the gas pipeline with the damaged    area, in the form of    hydrate deposit on the wall.

Methods: Acoustic methods and methods of the equations of mathematical physics were applied at the decision.

In a study was determined:

  1. At propagation of acoustic signal in pipeline with damaged section its attenuation is determined by composition of gas-and-drop mixture.
  2. The size of a hydrate deposit on the wall of the pipeline    influences dynamics of acoustic signals.
  3. The transmission coefficient and the reflection coefficient depend of the size of the damaged are of the pipeline.


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